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    Kuwait Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: State of Kuwait
      conventional short form: Kuwait
      local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
      local short form: Al Kuwayt

      Data code: KU

      Government type: nominal constitutional monarchy

      Capital: Kuwait

      Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra', Hawalli

      Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)

      National holiday: National Day, 25 February (1950)

      Constitution: approved and promulgated 11 November 1962

      Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: adult males who have been naturalized for 30 years or more or have resided in Kuwait since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21
      note: only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for 30 years were eligible to vote for the first time

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December 1977)
      head of government: Prime Minister and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 February 1978); First Deputy Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 17 October 1992); Second Deputy Prime Minister SALIM al-Sabah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 7 October 1996)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 3 July 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)
      election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 50; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly

      Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal

      Political parties and leaders: none

      Political pressure groups and leaders: several political groups act as de facto parties: Bedouins, merchants, Sunni and Shi'a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists

      International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim Al SABAH
      chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702
      FAX: [1] (202) 966-0517

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador James A. LAROCCO
      embassy: Bayan, near the Bayan palace, Kuwait City
      mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat, 13001 Safat, Kuwait; Unit 69000, APO AE 09880-9000
      telephone: [965] 539-5307 or 539-5308
      FAX: [965] 538-0282

      Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side

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