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    Moldova Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

      Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 29 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 33,843 sq km
      land: 33,371 sq km
      water: 472 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,389 km
      border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: moderate winters, warm summers

      Terrain: rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Nistru River 2 m
      highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m

      Natural resources: lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 53%
      permanent crops: 14%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 13%
      other: 7% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 3,110 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: landslides (57 cases in 1998)

      Environment - current issues: heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)