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    Moldova Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Moldova
      conventional short form: Moldova
      local long form: Republica Moldova
      local short form: none
      former: Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova; Moldavia

      Data code: MD

      Government type: republic

      Capital: Chisinau

      Administrative divisions: 10 juletule (singular - juletul) 1 municipality* 1 autonomous territorial unit**; Balti, Cahul, Chisinau, Chisinau*, Dubasari, Edinet, Gagauzia**, Lapusna, Orhei, Soroca, Tighina, Ungheni

      Independence: 27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday: Independence Day, 27 August 1991

      Constitution: new constitution adopted 28 July 1994; replaces old Soviet constitution of 1979

      Legal system: based on civil law system; Constitutional Court reviews legality of legislative acts and governmental decisions of resolution; it is unclear if Moldova accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but accepts many UN and Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) documents

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Petru LUCINSCHI (since 15 January 1997)
      head of government: Prime Minister Dumitru BRAGHIS (since 21 December 1999), one first deputy prime minister and two deputy prime ministers
      cabinet: selected by prime minister-designate, subject to approval of parliament
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 17 November 1996; runoff election 1 December 1996 (next to be held NA November-December 2000); according to the Moldovan constitution, the president, on consulting with the parliament, will designate a candidate for the office of prime minister; within 15 days from designation, the prime minister-designate will request a vote of confidence from the parliament regarding his/her work program and entire cabinet
      election results: Petru LUCINSCHI elected president; percent of vote - Petru LUCINSCHI 54%, Mircea SNEGUR 46%; Dumitru BRAGHIS was nominated by the president 16 December 1999 and was elected prime minister by a parliamentary vote of 57-4 (40 abstentions) on 21 December 1999

      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Parlamentul (101 seats; parties and electoral blocs, as well as independent candidates, compete in popular elections to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held spring 2002)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PCM 30%, CDM 19%, PMDP 18%, PFD 9%; seats by party - PCM 40, CDM 26, PMDP 24, PFD 11
      note: the comparative breakdown of seats by faction is approximate

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court is the sole authority of constitutional judicature

      Political parties and leaders: Bloc for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova or PMDP [Dumitru DIACOV]; Christian Democratic Popular Front or FPCD [Iurie ROSCA, chairman]; Communist Party or PCM [Vladimir VORONIN, first chairman]; Democratic Convention of Moldova or CDM [Mircea SNEGUR, chairman]; Party of Democratic Forces or PFD [Valeriu MATEI, chairman]

      International organization participation: ACCT, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CEI, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Ceslav CIOBANU
      chancery: 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 667-1130
      FAX: [1] (202) 667-1204

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Rudolf Villem PERINA
      embassy: Strada Alexei Mateevicie, #103, Chisinau 2009
      mailing address: use embassy street address; pouch address - American Embassy Chisinau, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7080
      telephone: [373] (2) 23-37-72
      FAX: [373] (2) 23-30-44

      Flag description: same color scheme as Romania - three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized ox head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow

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