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    Nauru Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

      Geographic coordinates: 0 32 S, 166 55 E

      Map references: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 21 sq km
      land: 21 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 30 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; monsoonal; rainy season (November to February)

      Terrain: sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m

      Natural resources: phosphates

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and New Zealand consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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