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    Sierra Leone Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

      Geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 71,740 sq km
      land: 71,620 sq km
      water: 120 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries:
      total: 958 km
      border countries: Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

      Coastline: 402 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)

      Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 31%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 33% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 290 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (November to May); sandstorms, dust storms

      Environment - current issues: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)