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  • geographic.org Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Turkmenist�n Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Turkmenistan
      local long form: none
      local short form: Turkmenistan
      former: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

      C�digo: TX

      Tipo de Gobierno: republic

      Capital: Ashgabat

      Divisiones Administrativas: 5 welayatlar (singular - welayat): Ahal Welayaty (Ashgabat), Balkan Welayaty (Nebitdag), Dashhowuz Welayaty (formerly Tashauz), Lebap Welayaty (Charjew), Mary Welayaty
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independencia: 27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

      Feriado Nacional: Independence Day, 27 October (1991)

      Constituci�n: adopted 18 May 1992

      Sistema Legal: based on civil law system

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      note: NIYAZOV's term in office was extended indefinitely on 28 December 1999 by the Assembly (Majlis) during a session of the People's Council (Halk Maslahaty)
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 June 1992 (next scheduled to be held NA); note - President NIYAZOV was unanimously approved as president for life by the Assembly on 28 December 1999); deputy chairmen of the cabinet of ministers are appointed by the president
      election results: Saparmurat NIYAZOV elected president without opposition; percent of vote - Saparmurat NIYAZOV 99.5%

      Rama Legislativa: under the 1992 constitution, there are two parliamentary bodies, a unicameral People's Council or Halk Maslahaty (more than 100 seats, some of which are elected by popular vote and some of which are appointed; meets infrequently) and a unicameral Assembly or Majlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: People's Council - NA; Assembly - last held 12 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
      election results: Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; note - all 50 elected officials preapproved by President NIYAZOV; most are from the DPT

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the president

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT [Saparmurat NIYAZOV]
      note: formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small opposition movements exist underground or in foreign countries

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Halil UGUR
      chancery: 2207 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-1500
      FAX: [1] (202) 588-0697

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Steven R. MANN
      embassy: 9 Pushkin Street, Ashgabat
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [9] (9312) 35-00-45, 35-00-46, 35-00-42, 51-13-06, Tie Line [8] 962-0000
      FAX: [9] (9312) 51-13-05

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to the olive branches on the UN flag; a white crescent moon and five white stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00